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Page history last edited by Social Policy Library 2 years, 10 months ago


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1961 1962196319641965 1966196719681969

Children & Families 

The need for emergency accommodation led the Brotherhood to rent a two-storey house in North Fitzroy which was fully occupied through the year, with many applications having to be refused.  "The project has demonstrated that emergency housing is an essential provision very much lacking in the welfare facilities of this State.  Financial aid to the extent of $13,000 was provided and the (Social Service) Bureau will have to continue meeting this need until more realistic statutory provision is made to meet emergency financial situations and social service benefits are more adequate for certain groups."  Read what Janet Paterson said in 1966. [[1]


The adventure playground run by the Brotherhood behind the Fitzroy headquarters was enlarged by the demolition of three old terrace houses, adding an area 60 feet deep and about the same width.  These vacant properties facing Fitzroy Street had been given to the Brotherhood many years earlier.  [2]


Community Issues 

Demolition commenced for the future Atherton Gardens High-rise Estate following compulsory acquisition of property in the area bounded by Brunswick, Gertrude, Napier and King William Streets in Fitzroy (1966-1969) [3]


Father Tucker wrote against conscription in his Brotherhood News editorial, "Must they be sent?", attacking it as "immoral and as such unfair and a violation of human rights". Read what he wrote in Brotherhood News in June 1966.  [4]


Institute of Applied Economic & Social Research published the early findings of a survey of living conditions and the extent of poverty in Melbourne:  "The first systematic attempt to estimate the extent of poverty in Australia was undertaken by researchers at the Melbourne University's Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (IAESR). The research team, led by IAESR Director Professor Ronald Henderson estimated the extent of poverty in Melbourne using a poverty line based on a two-adult, two-child family set at an income equal to the value of the basic wage plus child endowment payments. The study found that one in sixteen of Melbourne's population was living in poverty in 1966." [5] 


The Brotherhood "does not provide a counselling service for homeless men, but assists the Hanover Centre where Mr Alan Jordan provides counselling and carries out research.  Assistance has also been provided for an experiment in providing a social worker service in North Melbourne.  Two Social Studies Students at the Melbourne University are being helped financially by the Brotherhood." [6]


The BSL prepared a report following the Housing Commission’s refusal to accommodate single male pensioners except in rare circumstances, a position the BSL considered to be unjust and based more on prejudice than objective fact.  Read what was reported in Brotherhood News in Septemember 1966.  The Commission indicated that there was a very long waiting list of women, who were the first responsibility and that they were housing about 200 lone men, most of them widowed since they became tenants.  [7]   The BSL then responded “it is time to wonder whether we should take a lead in this current situation by demonstrating the value of well-run rooming houses for single men.  … At the present moment our budget is a matter of immediate concern and keeping present services going takes obvious precedence over developing new ones.  Is this a scheme we should think of developing when we have the money?”  [8] 


Father Tucker, in a Brotherhood News editorial (June 1966) , responded to the challenge of the leader of the Federal Opposition, Arthur Calwell, that the Church was failing in its duty towards the poor and needy.  [9] 


Fundraising & Resources 

Two new Auxiliaries - the Brotherhood Younger Set and the Oakleigh group - bring to 25 the number of Auxiliaries supporting the work of the BSL.  3 new shops opened - Oakleigh, Footscray and Glenroy.  In Geelong there were four Opportunity Shops and a Furniture Store. [10][]


The BSL’s annual market fair held in November in the Lower Melbourne Town Hall raised a record $2,793 and the Carrum Downs fair had takings of $1,200 [11] 


Two new films advertising the Brotherhood’s Christmas clothing appeal were shown on GTV-9 during December.  The brief 30-second announcements featured the Carrum Downs settlement and the Carinya home for the frail aged.  [12] 


Material & Financial support 

Christmas Toy Sales were again held in Fitzroy over three days at St Mark’s Hall, providing toys for about 500 children  [13]



Older People 

Keble Court additions of 12 flats, completing the project of 30 flats, opened in July by the President of the Voluntary Helpers Shop (Camberwell).  This group raised all the money required to attract the Commonwealth Government subsidy. [14]


The Carrum Downs Settlement water supply, having begun with supply from a bore, was converted from water gravitation to State Rivers & Water Commission mains.  [15] 


Organisational aspects (BSL) 

The Church of England Social Service Advisory Council commissioned research "to prepare an overall picture of the work of Anglican agencies, and then to look at it in greater depth in terms of integration at a service level, coordination, accountability and flexibility".  Miss Janet Paterson, BSL’s Director of Research & Social Action, was Secretary of the Steering Committee. [16][]



Presentations & Publications 

Leisure: A Study of a New Housing Estate (David Scott & Robert Uren), published in 1962 and sold out in 1964, was reprinted  [17]


The Brotherhood’s 36th Foundation Festival was celebrated at Christ Church, South Yarra on 11 December.  The preacher was the Rev. R. Butterss, secretary of the Australian Board of Missions, and a director of the Brotherhood.   [18]

Social organization with particular reference to the low income group, presentation by Anne M Stevenson at the Joint Urbanization seminar - urban redevelopment, December 1966

Success or failure - Notes of an address by David Scott at an AASW workshop on public relations, by David Scott, October 1966

Voluntary agencies in our changing environment Geoffrey Sambell in Community service: citizens and social welfare organisations; papers presented at the fourth national conference of the Australian Council of Social Service, edited by R Lawrence.FW Cheshire Melbourne 1966 (pages 3-12)



Young People 

Another intensive five-day program for 20 University students was held at Morven (Mornington) to give future professionals first hand experience with people on the receiving end of welfare planning, as well as increasing community understanding of the problems of disabled persons. Read about the experience from September 1966.[19]


An "Autumn School" on community social problems was proposed for University students and senior high school students in May at Avalon. [20][] 

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  1. BSL Annual Report 1966-1967 p.3
  2. The Brotherhood News December 1966 (No.175) p.5
  3. The Brotherhood News June 1965 (No.169) p.2. Chris Middendorp, "Hanover - An Overview 1964-2004", 2006 p.25 [Overview_of_Hanover_1964-2004.pdf]. Tony Birch "The best TV reception in Melbourne, Fitzroy ‘Low life’ and the invasion of the renovator" p.28, endnote 47: “The Victorian Housing Commission's Atherton Gardens Housing Estate comprised of four twenty-storey blocks constructed on thirteen acres of land bounded by Brunswick, King William, Napier and Gertrude Streets. The site had previously been home to around six hundred residents in addition to several of the suburb's hotels, gambling clubs and espresso bars. Demolition of the site commenced in 1960, with the last residents evicted in 1967." See also "Population explosion looms in Fitzroy", The Brotherhood News September 1969 (No.186) pp.4-5. This presented new problems in re-housing as the population included many single immigrant men and elderly people, and a number, particularly male pensioners, were not eligible for re-housing by the Housing Commission. The demolition displaced 557 people, to be replaced in less than two years by 3,024 people including 1,568 children.
  4. The Brotherhood News June 1966 (No.173) p.1 [Tucker_re_conscription_1966-6.pdf]
  5. From Chapter 3, Poverty and inequality in Australia, in "A hand up not a hand out: Renewing the fight against poverty" (a report on poverty and financial hardship by the Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs 11 March 2004) The survey was published as Harper, R.J.A. "1967 Survey of living conditions in Melbourne - 1966" in the Economic Record vol.43, no.102, pp.262-288. See also Henderson, R.F. et al "People in Poverty - A Melbourne Survey" (with Supplement) 1975 (BSL Library 301.441 HEN). An interesting article giving a scan from an American perspective across the 1960's to 2006 is "Relatively Deprived - How poor is poor?" by John Cassidy, in the "New Yorker" April 3, 2006 at http://tinyurl.com/2dwjrrt
  6. BSL Annual Report 1965-1966 p.12
  7. The Brotherhood News June 1966 (No.173) p.5 [Housing_prejudice_against_single_men_1966-6.pdf]
  8. "Slum clearance brings problems", The Brotherhood News September 1966 (No.174) p.2 . See [Tucker_The_Church_&_the_Poor_1966-9.pdf]
  9. The Brotherhood News September 1966 (No.174) pp.1-2 [Tucker_The_Church_&_the_Poor_1966-9.pdf]
  10. BSL Annual Report 1965-1966 pp.12-13. The Brotherhood News March 1966 (No.172) p.6 and The Brotherhood News June 1966 (No.173) p.6
  11. The Brotherhood News December 1966 (No.175) p.4
  12. The Brotherhood News December 1966 (No.175) p.3
  13. The Brotherhood News December 1966 (No.175) p.2 and The Brotherhood News March 1968 (No.180) p.6
  14. BSL Annual Report 1965-1966 p.11
  15. The Brotherhood News March 1966 (No.172) p.4
  16. Helen M. Hughes "A Survey of Anglican Social Work Agencies", The Church of England Social Service Advisory Council 1967 [Hughes_AnglicanSocWelfareAgencies_section1_1967.pdf]
  17. The Brotherhood News September 1966 (No.174) p.5
  18. The Brotherhood News December 1966 (No.175) p.3
  19. The Brotherhood News June 1966 (No.173) p.4, The Brotherhood News September 1966 (no.174) p.4 and BSL Annual Report 1964-1965 p.3. Similar courses had been organised since 1955 when university students accepted a challenge from the Rt. Rev. Geoffrey Sambell, Director of the Brotherhood, "to come out of the university and meet the world". [Students_meet_the_Community_1966-9.pdf] Also see entry in 1961 - "University Students meet Social Problems".
  20. BSL Annual Report 1964-1965 p.3

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